Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes has reached epidemic proportions in the UK and accounts for over 90% of all diabetics. It is strongly influenced by diet and lifestyle factors.
It is not difficult becoming prediabetic or diabetic. Many people eat white flour foods 3 times per day with typical consumption of bread, pizzas and pastas. Not only have these foods been stripped of crucial minerals and vitamins, to make matters worse they are often laced with hidden sugars.
When excessive levels of refined sugar get absorbed into the blood stream there is corresponding rise in insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas. Insulin is needed to transport the sugar into the cells for energy or for storage. More and more insulin is secreted in an attempt to handle the onslaught of sugar but after a while the insulin receptor sites on the celsl become insensitive and blood sugar becomes too high. At this stage, it is called insulin resistance, followed by prediabetes, leading ultimately to type 2 diabetes.
In fact, refined sugar has been a relatively new introduction to our diet with food processing which started about 100 years ago. In 1972 Professor John Yudkin wrote about it in his book ‘Pure, White and Deadly’. Sadly, his work was discredited and the public was led to believe that it was fat, not sugar that was the perpetrator of excess fat on the body. 10,000 years ago, our diet was very low in concentrated sources of sugar and was found in honey and berries and our ancestors did not suffer the chronic diseases we have today.
In 2005, it was stated in the British Medical Journal that “sugar is as dangerous as tobacco and should be classified as a hard drug, for it is harmful and addictive“.
Insulin resistance is the result of overconsumption of carbohydrates and sugars being absorbed into the blood stream. tWhen this happens there is corresponding rise in insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas. When more and more insulin is produced in an attempt to mop up the glucose eventually the insulin receptor sites become insensitive and stop working. At this stage, it is called insulin resistance. This can lead on to prediabetes and ultimately type 2 diabetes.
It is now known that insulin resistance can lead on to inflamed and damaged arteries high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke.
Nerve damage may account for up to 50% of patients with diabetes; almost 1 in 3 diabetics develop kidney disease; diabetics are 10 to 20 times more likely to develop eye damage and go on to become blind than non- diabetics.
In Alzheimer’s disease insulin resistance may occur 20 years before symptoms are apparent. Alzheimer’s has also been called diabetes type 3. Diabetics are at a higher risk for cancer and have a higher mortality rate.
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